HTML and HTML5

HTML and HTML5

At first, glance, do the techie terms like HTML and HTML5 puzzle you?

Keep on reading this blog, and by the end, these concepts will become simpler for you to understand. Let us understand it like this: we use a web browser for searching queries online. The relevant results are seen on a website’s web pages.

Although one need not have technical programming to create a webpage, we can use non-technical CMS applications like WordPress, Drupal and Joomla.

But a web browser understands content only in coding language tags format. So, CMS software converts the content on the CMS app or the data on a computer hard drive into markup languages behind the scene, which the web browser reads, converts, and publishes for readers as they see it.

HTML assisted with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript languages are the most frequently used programming languages for their respective features in creating webpages. Other markup languages are SGML, XML, KML, and many more.

Keep reading for a complete understanding of Markup Language, HTML, and its most updated version– HTML5 language.

Key Takeaways

  • Learn the Meaning of Markup Languages: HTML and HTML5
  • Learn the Features of the HTML Language
  • Understand the Structure of HTML and HTML5
  • Know the Difference Between HTML and HTML5
  • Learn HTML and HTML5: Which Language is Better for Creating Websites?
  • Know How to Identify HTML and HTML5

Markup Languages: HTML and HTML5

The CERN physicist Tim Berners-Lee first created the HTML in 1991 to use and share documents among the organisation’s scientists using an internet-based hypertext system.

A Markup Language is a text-encoding type language system built of elements, like tags, symbols, text, and syntax, controlling the format, features, and structure of content.

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, a standard programming code to create a webpage for a website using HTML elements that consist of HTML tags, attributes, content, and its syntax to hyperlink texts, images, videos, graphics, and links to a text. 

In 2014, HTML5 was released, which is a more simplified version of HTML with advanced yet easy elements to handle media content.

Hello World
Source

Also read: What Makes a Bad Website?

Features of an HTML Language

Let us learn the features of an HTML language here, as follows:

  • It describes the structure and format of an HTML website.
  • It is not a case-sensitive markup language.
  • ​It is platform-independent and allows easy navigation across websites, web pages, and platforms on different servers.
  • The HTML elements direct the web browser on how to display the content. 
  • These HTML tags and attributes command the browser system to understand the written syntax as “this is an image”, “this is a heading”, “text should be bold”, or “this is a hypertext”, and so on.

Let us try to understand these features using the structure of HTML and HTML5 languages.

Structure of HTML and HTML5

In the below images of notepad and the web browser, we can notice how an HTML code is written and how it runs on a web browser.

HTML5 contains the same elements with a more simple syntax. Also, some more tags with additional features in the webpage were added, like Async, charset, id, ping, tabindex, audio, img, video, and so on.

Let us see the example tags below:

Major HTML5 Tags

<html>It represents the major root element from which all other elements will descend.
<base>Shows the base URL in a doc.
<head>Shows the document’s metadata, consisting of titles, scripts, and many more.
<link>Shows the relationship between the doc and external sources like CSS, favicon icons, etc.
<meta>Specify metadata of the webpage that <meta> can’t describe to the browser.
<style>Defines the style info like CSS of the document in the style element.
<title>Mentions the document’s title in the title bar or title tab.
<body>Shows the content of the document on the webpage.
<address>Contains the contact info of a person or an organisation.
<article>Shows an independent, reusable composition in a doc, site, or page. For ex: a product description.
<aside>Shows the content is indirectly related to the main content.
<h1>, <h2>, <h3>Shows three levels of sectional headings in the hierarchy.
<section>Shows a standalone section without any semantic element, usually a heading in the doc.
<header>Represents an introduction test to the main content.
<footer>Show the footer content to the latest sectional content.
<main>Shows the dominant content of the body in a doc.
<nav>=Shows the section with navigational links of the current or other docs.
<p>Represents a paragraph.
<strong>Shows that the content here is important and urgent.
<area>Represents the area of a predefined clickable image map. 
<audio>Shows to insert the soundtrack in the doc using the source element.
<img>Represents inserting an image in the doc.
<a>Shows a hyperlink in the doc.
<hr>Shows a thematic change in the doc.
<ruby>Annoyed the ruby language codes for east Asian typography.

Difference Between HTML and HTML5

No.HTMLHTML5
 1. Made up of a descriptive type of text encoding.Easy text-encoding type language system with short and simple tags.
2. It is mandatory to write the long and complicated Doctype declaration.Contains a short and simple Doctype declaration.
3. It requires a flash player to support audio, video, tracks, and other media elements.It supports audio and video media elements control using simple tags of <audio> and <video>.
4. Vector graphics usage is allowed only with tools like Adobe Flash Player, VML, Silver-Light, etc.Vector graphics like SVG, canvas and gifs are available for usage by default.
5. Here, the browser cookies are used for temporary storage.Multiple data storage options are available here for multiple browsers and offline data storage. For example, SQL databases, application cache memory, and web databases.
6. The feature to get the user’s geolocation is not available.The JavaScript geolocation API detects the user location for the websites in HTML5.
7. Async, id, charset, tabindex, ping, and other attributes are not available in HTML codes.Async, charset, id, ping, tab index, and other attributes are inbuilt into HTML5.
8.It is mandatory to use tags like <html>, <head>, and <body> in the syntax.It is not compulsory to use tags like <html>, <body>, and <head> in the syntax.
9.  Drag and drop features are not available.Drag and drop features are available.
10.It can’t run incorrect syntax.The inaccurate syntax is also allowed to run.

HTML and HTML5: Which Language is Better for Creating Websites?

HTML5 is declared a “Living Standard” language by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), i.e., it is never complete or finished and will keep on getting updated and improved, but the functionalities will never be removed. Thus, it is easier and faster to create quality webpages using HTML5.

Considering the following benefits of HTML5, which lacks in HTML, will help justify the above statement:

  • HTML5 is mobile-friendly and an easy-to-use markup language which is compatible with all web browsers.
  • It has a more vibrant colour palette, shades, and fonts to insert into the web pages.
  • More dynamic media handling and graphics features are available to the developer.
  • It also supports client-side and cloud-based databases.
  • Better performance and security features, with data storage availability across web browsers.
  • More efficient and accessible HTML documents which can be inspected easily.

Hence, we can attest that the more advanced version of HTML language facilitates the creation of better websites that follow trends with the changing internet market.

Also read: How does Web Application Works?

How to Identify HTML and HTML5?

How to identify if a webpage is created by using HTML and HTML5 languages, follow these steps:

  1. Open the website in a web browser.
  2. Go to the Customise and Control Panel of the web browser.
  3. Click on the Developer Tools section. It will show the markup coding language text.
  4. If the coding language shows the Doctype as HTML, it is an HTML language-based webpage.
  5. If advanced tags like <audio>, <maps> <video> <area> and so on are also present in the HTML code, then it is an HTML5 markup language.

Conclusion

Hopefully, the blog made this topic, with seemingly complex terms, easy to understand for you. In managing your own website, a basic understanding of HTML is always good, but don’t get worried about the HTML coding much.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Is HTML5 just HTML?

HTML5 is an updated version of HTML markup language, with upgraded features of simplistic syntax and inbuilt tags for features like linking maps, location, graphics, gifs, audio, and many others with the help of using SQL and JavaScript.

2. Why do we use HTML5 instead of HTML?

HTML5 syntax is simple and easy to understand, with more tags available for adding specialised and advanced tasks on a webpage. This makes developers prefer HTML5 over HTML.

3. What is HTML5 used for?

HTML5 is the markup language with codes, syntax, attributes, and tags to create webpages of a website with all its features of hyperlinked files, ads, bold fonts, images, videos, and so on. This language informs the web browser how to display the content on the webpage.

4. What is an HTML5 example?

The following example of HTML5 shows how to define the width of the Image attribute:

<html>
<head>
<title>
Img Width Attribute
</title>
</head>
<body>
<img src=”image.png” alt=”image” width=”100”>
</body>
</html>

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